Cultural Interaction And Trade

In the ancient times, between 1500BC and 200BC, China was a trade Centre, majorly resorted by Silk Road trade. The Silk Road trade was core in interaction that happened through Asia to Mediterranean Sea. This trade involved the use of camels by traders to move from China to the west carrying with them products such as tea, porcelain, silk, spices among others. It was known as silk trade because Silk was the major product that was trade by the Chines. Through this trade, china adopted some cultures that were not previously associated with it. The trade made it possible for china and the west, especially Middle East to exchange not only goods but also culture.

Notably, the Chinese had four major inventions that was shared among the trading partners. Evidence show that the china were well equipped with the knowledge in making paper, compass that were used in giving directions, gunpowder as well as printing. These skills including silkworm breeding and silk spinning were exported to the Middle East.

In 750 there was a war which broke out in Bishkek City that was between the Tang Dynasty and the Arab empire. According to history the tang Dynasty was defeated and its prisoners were taken away by the Arabs. Some of the prisoners were paper making workmen. As a resulted the culture that China had were transferred to the Middle East by the help of the prisoners. The trade also facilitated material culture exchange. Products such as grapes, walnuts, peppers, clover, cucumbers, medicinal materials, flavorings and jewelries among others found their way in the Chinese culture.

Religion was also spread through trade. Christianity and Buddhism. Buddhism was a religion by the Kushan kingdom. The monks travelled from India to China and initiated the new culture and religion through preaching and teachings. On the other hand, the advent of Christianity in china has been attributed to the Nestorians and their activities. This doctrine, by the catholic missions was disseminated through the Silk Road in the early centuries.

Different other cultures such as mode of dressing was incorporated in the chinses culture. In 500bc, the Chinese begun wearing trousers and also ride horses. This was not their culture initially as it was brought about by the traders. Moreover, their style of living changed and they adopted the nomadic lifestyle.


By 1500 BC china was technologically inferior. It was still a primitive nation who depended on Middle East for technology products. It had a culture derived from the Sons of the Reflected Light. Moreover, they had genes that it is believed were from Huang Ti. This was a spiritual elite who was believed to be behind Chinese civilizations and whose originality is believed to be from Mesopotamia or Kun Lun. Additionally, in the 1500BC china is believed to be under developed to produce any superior culture. Use of herbs one culture that the Chinese adopted from other trade partners. Up to date the Chinese use herbs for medicinal purposes and strongly believe in its effectiveness.

The rise of China cultural is believed to be as a result of interaction between China and Middle East. Records show that technology came from Middle East which helped China in constructing its own culture. The chines weavers made designs that could make other cultures admire and exchange with other products. However, this style of weaving was a reflection of the Persian culture.

Egypt moreover introduced to china glasses. This was before unknown to the china’s culture. Gold pieces and silver pieces from the Middle East found its way to China through the Silk Road trade. The gold and silver notably had themes from Middle East which signified that they had adopted it from another culture.

Treatment of porcelain was a culture not known to the Chinese in the 1500BC. However, on observing how the Persians did treat their porcelains, the Chines adopted the culture and treated their own products which they later sold to the Middle East. The treatments and decoration had Islam culture in it and since the Middle East is dominated by the Muslims, the Chinese had a ready market for their products.

Human sacrifice was a culture practiced by the Chinese. However, due to divination, this culture ended and the heaven’s concept emerged. According to them, the heaven was a universal force. They believed heaven chose an emperor to rule and in instances where the ruler was evil the heaven would send a natural disaster to destroy him.

China had warring states in the early centuries. By civilizations the early warring states got united by Qin state which resulted to the formation of the Qin Dynasty which was under the leadership of Qin Shi Huangdi. As a result there was unification of the languages and development of policies. To avoid invasions by the barbarians, the great wall was built in essence. This was aimed to shield China from its enemies and influence on its culture.

The Confucian teachings spread all over Asia and the Middle East.  His teachings on virtues such filial piety, integrity and obedience towards parents and grandparents were adopted by other cultures in the middle east and were used to teach children and adults too.

The Confucian disciples like Mencius (372 BC-289 BC) travelled to very many states preaching the teachings of Confucius and advising the rulers. He passed the message that a good rule who ruled without subjecting his subjects to hardships would earn respect of his people. Further, he said that man was good and was both with the ability to recognize what is good and bad and act upon the good.

However, trade practice did not only bring about cultural interaction in a positive manner but also had its negative impacts. The trade led to the spread of other diseases such as bubonic plague which led to massive death in Europe. The main carrier of the diseases were believed to be rodents from South East Asia.

In conclusion, the Silk Road trade majorly had an impact in culture in the countries that participated in it.

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